The France World Cup-winner has now scored 130 goals for Atleti as they pulled to within four points of Barcelona at the Liga summit
Antoine Griezmann has overtaken Fernando Torres as the fifth-highest goalscorer in Atletico Madrid history.
The France star drew level with the former club captain when he struck from the penalty spot in the 3-1 derby defeat to Real Madrid last week.
Griezmann scored his 130th goal for the club in all competitions with the winner over Rayo Vallecano on Saturday, a result that moved Atletico to within four points of La Liga leaders Barcelona, having played a game more.
The 27-year-old is behind only Luis Aragones (172 goals), Adrian Escudero (169), Paco Campos (146) and Jose Eulogio Garate (136) in the all-time standings.
Griezmann has now scored eight goals in his last six meetings with Rayo in all competitions.
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He has sealed a 1-0 win in the last three of those matches.
Griezmann’s goals have been worth 13 points to Atletico in La Liga this season, more than the goals of any other single player in the competition.
The result pulls Atletico to within four points of league-leaders and champions Barcelona, and two points clear of City rivals Real Madrid, although Diego Simeone’s side have played a game more than their rivals.
Barcelona host Valladolid on Saturday evening as they bid to re-open a seven-point gap at the top, whilst Real will be hoping to regain second place from their rivals when they play at home to Girona on Sunday.